Geographical Information System (GIS) is a software system that allows for the spatial analyses of data to be presented in the form of a map. In other words, GIS is used to make maps for the visual interpretation of practically any geographical data (see resources section below). There are a wide range of examples for the type of analysis one can conduct and the types of data used. GIS is a universal tool that is used in the physical sciences, social sciences, marketing, business, and real estate. Here are some specific examples of GIS applications:
- Examining river erosion through time using aerial and satellite image analysis.
- Analyzing changes in sea surface temperatures to predict changes in hurricane magnitude and frequency using data from government agencies such as NOAA.
- Create maps using economic and demographic data that display suggested locations for the suitability of a new business location.
- Creating maps of cities and associated urban sprawl.
- Creating maps that show which habitat a specific animal species is thriving in.
The completion of GIS courses does not lead to a specific GIS program degree.
For specific course or program requirements, meet with one of the academic advisors.
Career and Employment Outlook
GIS is highly desired by employers in different realms: Geography, Geology, Ecology Sustainability, Engineering, Marketing, and Real Estate. GIS-related jobs could be with the State, City, Federal Government, Consulting, and Private Companies.