Students @ Phoenix College - Geology Program

Geographical Information System


Geographical Information System (GIS) is a software system that allows for the spatial analyses of data to be presented in the form of a map. In other words, GIS is used to make maps for the visual interpretation of practically any geographical data (see resources section below). There are a wide range of examples for the type of analysis one can conduct and the types of data used. GIS is a universal tool that is used in the physical sciences, social sciences, marketing, business and real estate. Here are some specific examples of GIS applications:

  • Examining river erosion through time using aerial and satellite image analysis.
  • Analyzing changes in sea surface temperatures to predict changes in hurricane magnitude and frequency using data from government agencies such as NOAA.  
  • Create maps using economic and demographic data that display suggested locations for the suitability of a new business location.
  • Creating maps of cities and associated urban sprawl.
  • Creating maps that show which habitat a specific animal species is thriving in.
Career and Employment Outlook: 

GIS is highly desired by employers in different realms: Geography, Geology, Ecology Sustainability, Engineering, Marketing and Real Estate. GIS-related jobs could be with the State, City, Federal Government, Consulting, and Private Companies. 

Additional Info: 

Program Curriculum

The completion of GIS courses does not lead to a specific GIS program degree.

For specific course or program requirements, meet with one of the academic advisors.

Transfer Options: 

Courses taught at Phoenix College are lower division collegiate courses that may transfer to a four-year college or university as program requirement credits, elective credits, and/or graduation requirements for the receiving institution.

Meet with one or our transfer advisors for assistance with choosing courses for transfer to another institution. Visit the website for the most accurate and timely transfer requirement information.